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Income from Capital Gains for CFP- 2

Posted by Prashant Shah on May 14, 2011

Determination of Holding Period: To classify the gain as long term or short term we are required to consider the holding period of a capital asset. Lets understand how to determine the holding period:

Different Situation

How to calculate the holding period

Shares held in a company in liquidation The period after the date of commencement of liquidation is excluded
Cases covered u/s 49(1) [i.e. when asset is acquired by gift, inheritance etc] The period for which the asset held by the previous owner should be included
Allotment of shares in amalgamated Indian company From the date of acquisition of shares in the amalgamated company
Right shares From the date of allotment
Bonus Shares From the date of allotment
Demerger The period of holding of shares in the demerged company shall be included in the total period of holding of shares


An immovable property will be termed as a short-term capital asset if it is held by the assessee for _______.

  1. not more than 36 months
  2. more than 36 months
  3. exactly twelve months
  4. more than 12 months



Mr. A was inherited a house after the demise of his father. His father purchased this home in April 1982. His father died in March 2009. Mr. A is now selling the same house in March 2011. He wants to know whether this house is long term asset or short therm asset for him.

Answer: Long term.

Reason: Since he is inherited the house, for the purpose of ascertaining holding period, the holding period of his father is to be added in the holding period of Mr. A. Hence his holding period will be 2+27 = 29 years and the gain is long term.

Till now we have understood the meaning of capital asset and holding period, now next to begin with is transfer.

Transfer Sec 2(47)

Transfer in relation to capital asset includes:
  • Sale, exchange or relinquishment of the asset
  • The compulsory acquisition thereof under any law
  • Maturity or redemption of zero coupon bonds

Where requinshment means a verbal act of renouncing a claim, right or position etc. or the act of giving up and abandoning.


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